OCIException OCI error 1034



Error:

2013-04-26 22:43:38.154: [ora.cramadg.db][3523208960] {2:35163:2} [start] InstConnection::connectInt (2) Exception OCIException
2013-04-26 22:43:38.155: [ora.cramadg.db][3523208960] {2:35163:2} [start] InstConnection:connect:excp OCIException OCI error 1034
2013-04-26 22:43:38.155: [ora.cramadg.db][3523208960] {2:35163:2} [start] InstAgent::stop: connect1 errcode 1034
2013-04-26 22:43:38.155: [ora.cramadg.db][3523208960] {2:35163:2} [start] InstAgent::stop: connect2 oracleHome /oravl01/ora11g/112_GRID oracleSid CRAMADG2
2013-04-26 22:43:38.155: [ora.cramadg.db][3523208960] {2:35163:2} [start] InstConnection::connectInt: server not attached
2013-04-26 22:43:38.181: [ora.cramadg.db][3523208960] {2:35163:2} [start] InstConnection::shutdown mode 4
2013-04-26 22:43:38.181: [ora.cramadg.db][3523208960] {2:35163:2} [start] ORA-01031: insufficient privileges

2013-04-26 22:43:38.181: [ora.cramadg.db][3523208960] {2:35163:2} [start] InstAgent::stop: shutdown errcode 1031
2013-04-26 22:43:38.181: [ora.cramadg.db][3523208960] {2:35163:2} [start] InstAgent::stop: oci error try shutdown abort
2013-04-26 22:43:39.182: [ora.cramadg.db][3523208960] {2:35163:2} [start] InstConnection::connectInt: server not attached
2013-04-26 22:43:39.210: [ora.cramadg.db][3523208960] {2:35163:2} [start] ORA-01034: ORACLE not available
ORA-27101: shared memory realm does not exist
Linux-x86_64 Error: 2: No such file or directory
Process ID: 0
Session ID: 0 Serial number: 0

Background:

    1.  2 Node RAC 11g R2 Linux Primary
    2.  2 Node RAC 11gR2 Linux Standby/ADG
    3.  Error faced after PSU Patch on Standby , On Primary No issues faced
    4.  Cluster DB CRAMADG unable to start/stop through crsctl

$ sudo /oravl01/ora11g/112_GRID/bin/crsctl start cluster -all
CRS-4639: Could not contact Oracle High Availability Services
CRS-4000: Command Start failed, or completed with errors.

$ sudo /oravl01/ora11g/112_GRID/bin/crsctl start crs
CRS-4123: Oracle High Availability Services has been started.

$ crs_stat -t
CRS-0184: Cannot communicate with the CRS daemon.

$ sudo /oravl01/ora11g/112_GRID/bin/crsctl stop cluster
CRS-2796: The command may not proceed when Cluster Ready Services is not running
CRS-4000: Command Stop failed, or completed with errors.

$  sudo /oravl01/ora11g/112_GRID/bin/crsctl stop crs
CRS-2796: The command may not proceed when Cluster Ready Services is not running
CRS-4687: Shutdown command has completed with errors.
CRS-4000: Command Stop failed, or completed with errors.



   5. ASM was coming Up through crsctl

$ ps -ef| grep -i pmon
ora11g   29812     1  0 14:21 ?        00:00:00 asm_pmon_+ASM1
ora11g   31393  3053  0 14:25 pts/0    00:00:00 grep -i pmon


   6. Manually via sqlplus  able to bring up database but not through crsctl

$ sqlplus "/ as sysdba"
SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.3.0 Production on Fri Apr 26 15:11:36 2013
Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle.  All rights reserved.
Connected to an idle instance.
SQL> startup
ORA-32004: obsolete or deprecated parameter(s) specified for RDBMS instance
ORACLE instance started.
Total System Global Area 7733837824 bytes
Fixed Size                                    2243152 bytes
Variable Size                           1946158512 bytes
Database Buffers    5670699008 bytes
Redo Buffers                             114737152 bytes
Database mounted.
Database opened.
SQL> exit

   7.  GRID/ASM Home :  /oravl01/ora11g/112_GRID
   8.  ORACLE Home : /oravl01/ora11g/112_RAC


Analysis:

1.  crsd agent Log showing generic error ORA-27101 ,  ORA-01031 , ORA-01034 which occurs when environment variables like ORACLE_HOME & ORACLE_SID not pointing to correct home in single instance database.
Here, "connect2 oracleHome /oravl01/ora11g/112_GRID oracleSid CRAMADG2" crsctl stop was using Grid Home instead of oracle home for database resource

Log: /oravl01/ora11g/112_GRID/log/inpudicrmrdbprtrpt2/agent/crsd/oraagent_ora11g/ertinpudicrmrdbprtrpt2.log

2013-04-26 22:43:38.155: [ora.cramadg.db][3523208960] {2:35163:2} [start] InstAgent::stop: connect2 oracleHome /oravl01/ora11g/112_GRID oracleSid CRAMADG2
2013-04-26 22:43:38.181: [ora.cramadg.db][3523208960] {2:35163:2} [start] ORA-01031: insufficient privileges
2013-04-26 22:43:39.210: [ora.cramadg.db][3523208960] {2:35163:2} [start] ORA-01034: ORACLE not available
ORA-27101: shared memory realm does not exist
Linux-x86_64 Error: 2: No such file or directory
Process ID: 0
Session ID: 0 Serial number: 0

2. ORA-01031 when attempted to start CRAMADG database with ORACLE_HOME set to grid home /oravl01/ora11g/112_GRID , given hint that oracle home is not properly picked up by the database resource

$ sqlplus "/ as sysdba"
SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.3.0 Production on Fri Apr 26 14:35:28 2013
Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle.  All rights reserved.
Connected to:
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 - 64bit Production
With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage Management options
SQL> shut immediate;
ORA-01031: insufficient privileges
SQL> exit


3.  Cluster resource state checked & found status as "Open,Readonly,Running from Old Oracle Home" for ora.cramadg.db which confirms that wrong ORACLE_HOME being picked up

$ crsctl stat res -t
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
NAME           TARGET  STATE        SERVER                   STATE_DETAILS      
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Local Resources
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ora.DATA1.dg                      ONLINE  ONLINE       inpudicrmrdbprtrpt1                         
                                               ONLINE  ONLINE       inpudicrmrdbprtrpt2                         
ora.DATA1_RPT.dg            ONLINE  ONLINE       inpudicrmrdbprtrpt1                         
                                               ONLINE  ONLINE       inpudicrmrdbprtrpt2                         
ora.FRA.dg                           ONLINE  ONLINE       inpudicrmrdbprtrpt1                         
                                               ONLINE  ONLINE       inpudicrmrdbprtrpt2                         
ora.FRA_RPT.dg                 ONLINE  ONLINE       inpudicrmrdbprtrpt1                         
                                              ONLINE  ONLINE       inpudicrmrdbprtrpt2                          
ora.LISTENER.lsnr              ONLINE  ONLINE       inpudicrmrdbprtrpt1                         
                                              ONLINE  ONLINE       inpudicrmrdbprtrpt2                         
ora.OCR1.dg                       ONLINE  ONLINE       inpudicrmrdbprtrpt1                          
                                              ONLINE  ONLINE       inpudicrmrdbprtrpt2                         
ora.OCR2.dg                       ONLINE  ONLINE       inpudicrmrdbprtrpt1                         
                                              ONLINE  ONLINE       inpudicrmrdbprtrpt2                         
ora.OCR_VOTE.dg             ONLINE  ONLINE       inpudicrmrdbprtrpt1                         
                                             ONLINE  ONLINE       inpudicrmrdbprtrpt2                         
ora.asm                              ONLINE  ONLINE       inpudicrmrdbprtrpt1      Started            
                                             ONLINE  ONLINE       inpudicrmrdbprtrpt2      Started            
ora.gsd                               OFFLINE OFFLINE      inpudicrmrdbprtrpt1                         
                                             OFFLINE OFFLINE      inpudicrmrdbprtrpt2                         
ora.net1.network             ONLINE  ONLINE       inpudicrmrdbprtrpt1                         
                                             ONLINE  ONLINE       inpudicrmrdbprtrpt2                         
ora.ons                               ONLINE  ONLINE       inpudicrmrdbprtrpt1                         
                                             ONLINE  ONLINE       inpudicrmrdbprtrpt2                         
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Cluster Resources
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ora.LISTENER_SCAN1.lsnr    1        ONLINE  ONLINE       inpudicrmrdbprtrpt2                         
ora.LISTENER_SCAN2.lsnr     1        ONLINE  ONLINE       inpudicrmrdbprtrpt1                         
ora.LISTENER_SCAN3.lsnr     1        ONLINE  ONLINE       inpudicrmrdbprtrpt1                         
ora.cramadg.db      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       inpudicrmrdbprtrpt1      Open,Readonly,Running from Old Oracle Home                
                                   2        ONLINE  OFFLINE                                                  STARTING           
ora.cramrpt.db       1        ONLINE  ONLINE       inpudicrmrdbprtrpt1      Open               
                                   2        ONLINE  ONLINE       inpudicrmrdbprtrpt2      Open               
ora.cvu                     1        ONLINE  ONLINE       inpudicrmrdbprtrpt1                         
ora.inpudicrmrdbprtrpt1.vip   1        ONLINE  ONLINE       inpudicrmrdbprtrpt1                         
ora.inpudicrmrdbprtrpt2.vip    1        ONLINE  ONLINE       inpudicrmrdbprtrpt2                         
ora.oc4j                   1        ONLINE  ONLINE       inpudicrmrdbprtrpt1                         
ora.scan1.vip         1        ONLINE  ONLINE       inpudicrmrdbprtrpt2                         
ora.scan2.vip         1        ONLINE  ONLINE       inpudicrmrdbprtrpt1                         
ora.scan3.vip         1        ONLINE  ONLINE       inpudicrmrdbprtrpt1

4. Verified configuration of the database resource using srvctl config & found to be pointing to Grid Home instead of oracle Home

$  srvctl config  database -d CRAMADG
Database unique name: CRAMADG
Database name:
Oracle home: /oravl01/ora11g/112_GRID
Oracle user: ora11g
Spfile: +DATA1/cramadg/asmspfile/spfile_cramadg.ora
Domain:
Start options: open
Stop options: immediate
Database role: PRIMARY
Management policy: AUTOMATIC
Server pools: CRAMADG
Database instances: CRAMADG1,CRAMADG2
Disk Groups: DATA1
Mount point paths:
Services:
Type: RAC
Database is administrator managed


Solution:

Database resource profile modified from GRID HOME (/oravl01/ora11g/112_GRID) to Oracle Home (/oravl01/ora11g/112_RAC)

$ srvctl modify database -d CRAMADG -o /oravl01/ora11g/112_RAC

$ srvctl config  database -d CRAMADG
Database unique name: CRAMADG
Database name:
Oracle home: /oravl01/ora11g/112_RAC
Oracle user: ora11g
Spfile: +DATA1/cramadg/asmspfile/spfile_cramadg.ora
Domain:
Start options: open
Stop options: immediate
Database role: PRIMARY
Management policy: AUTOMATIC
Server pools: CRAMADG
Database instances: CRAMADG1,CRAMADG2
Disk Groups: DATA1,FRA
Mount point paths:
Services:
Type: RAC
Database is administrator managed

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